PowerShell Interview Questions for Freshers with Answers

PowerShell Interview Questions for Freshers: PowerShell, the versatile and powerful scripting language developed by Microsoft, has become an integral part of IT environments for managing and automating tasks. As a fresher stepping into the realm of PowerShell, it’s essential to be well-prepared for interviews that may test your knowledge and skills. In this blog post, we’ve compiled a comprehensive list of the top 30 PowerShell interview questions along with detailed answers to help you shine during your interview.

What are the top PowerShell interview questions for beginners?

Discover essential PowerShell interview questions for beginners, covering scripting, cmdlets, and automation. Gain confidence with answers to key queries, ensuring you’re well-prepared for IT interviews. Elevate your PowerShell skills with this comprehensive guide.

Navigating Non-Voice Chat Support Interviews Top 30 Questions and Answers

  1. What is PowerShell?
    • PowerShell is a task automation framework and scripting language developed by Microsoft, designed to simplify the management of systems and automate routine tasks.
  2. How is PowerShell different from the Command Prompt?
    • PowerShell is an advanced version with a scripting language and automation capabilities, while the Command Prompt relies on commands and lacks the robust scripting features of PowerShell.
  3. Explain the significance of cmdlets in PowerShell.
    • Cmdlets (commandlets) are lightweight, single-function commands in PowerShell. They facilitate automation by performing specific tasks and can be combined to create complex scripts.
  4. What is the significance of the $PSVersionTable variable?
    • $PSVersionTable provides information about the PowerShell version currently running, including details like version number, edition, and build number.
  5. How can you execute a PowerShell script?
    • PowerShell scripts can be executed by either running the script directly from the command line or by using the .\ (dot-sourcing) operator followed by the script path.
  6. Explain the purpose of the ‘Get-Help’ cmdlet.
    • Get-Help is used to retrieve information about cmdlets, functions, workflows, aliases, providers, and scripts in PowerShell. It provides documentation and examples for better understanding.
  7. Differentiate between ‘Write-Host’ and ‘Write-Output’.
    • Write-Host is used to display information directly to the console, while Write-Output sends data down the pipeline, allowing it to be captured or further processed.
  8. How can you check if a variable is null in PowerShell?
    • The condition if ($variable -eq $null) can be used to check if a variable is null in PowerShell.
  9. What is the purpose of the ‘Select-Object’ cmdlet?
    • Select-Object is used to select specific properties from an object, allowing you to filter and manipulate the output of cmdlets.
  10. Explain the concept of the PowerShell pipeline.
    • The PowerShell pipeline allows the output of one cmdlet to be passed as the input to another, enabling the creation of powerful one-liners for complex tasks.
  11. How can you stop the execution of a running script in PowerShell?
    • Pressing Ctrl + Break or using the Stop-Process cmdlet with the appropriate process ID can stop the execution of a running script.
  12. What is the purpose of the ‘Get-Command’ cmdlet?
    • Get-Command is used to retrieve information about cmdlets, functions, workflows, aliases, and scripts based on specific criteria.
  13. Explain the role of the ‘Where-Object’ cmdlet.
    • Where-Object is used to filter objects based on specified criteria, enabling you to select only the relevant data.
  14. How can you list all services that are currently stopped?
    • The command Get-Service | Where-Object { $_.Status -eq 'Stopped' } can be used to list all stopped services.
  15. What is the purpose of the ‘ForEach-Object’ cmdlet?
    • ForEach-Object is used to process each item in a collection, applying a specific set of commands to each item.
  16. How do you create a function in PowerShell?
    • Functions in PowerShell are created using the function keyword, followed by the function name, parameters, and the script block containing the code.
  17. Explain the concept of PowerShell remoting.
    • PowerShell remoting allows the execution of commands on remote machines, enabling administrators to manage multiple systems from a single console.
  18. How can you get the current directory in PowerShell?
    • The current directory can be obtained using the $PWD variable or by using the Get-Location cmdlet.
  19. What is the purpose of the ‘Invoke-Command’ cmdlet?
    • Invoke-Command is used to run commands on local and remote computers, providing a powerful way to manage systems in a network.
  20. How can you create an array in PowerShell?
    • Arrays can be created by assigning a comma-separated list of values to a variable, for example, $myArray = 1, 2, 3.
  21. Explain the purpose of the ‘Get-Process’ cmdlet.
    • Get-Process is used to retrieve information about the processes running on a local or remote computer.
  22. How can you list all files with a specific extension in a directory?
    • The command Get-ChildItem -Path C:\Path\To\Directory -Filter *.txt can be used to list all files with the ‘.txt’ extension.
  23. What is the purpose of the ‘New-Object’ cmdlet?
    • New-Object is used to create an instance of a .NET or COM object, enabling interaction with external components.
  24. How can you check if a file exists in PowerShell?
    • The condition Test-Path -Path "C:\Path\To\File.txt" can be used to check if a file exists.
  25. Explain the role of the ‘Get-Content’ cmdlet.
    • Get-Content is used to retrieve the content of a file, enabling the processing of text files in PowerShell.
  26. How can you install a PowerShell module?
    • The Install-Module cmdlet is used to install PowerShell modules from the PowerShell Gallery or other specified repositories.
  27. What is the purpose of the ‘Get-Service’ cmdlet?
    • Get-Service is used to retrieve information about services on a local or remote computer.
  28. How can you export the results of a PowerShell command to a CSV file?
    • The command Get-Process | Export-Csv -Path "C:\Path\To\Output.csv" -NoTypeInformation can be used to export process information to a CSV file.
  29. Explain the significance of the ‘Clear-Host’ cmdlet.
    • Clear-Host is used to clear the content from the console, providing a clean slate for new output.
  30. How can you schedule a PowerShell script to run at a specific time?
    • The Windows Task Scheduler or the New-ScheduledTask cmdlet can be used to schedule the execution of a PowerShell script at a specified time.

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External Link

Powershell Documentation


Mastering PowerShell is a valuable skill for IT professionals, and being well-prepared for interviews is crucial. The above set of questions and answers serves as a comprehensive guide for freshers aspiring to showcase their PowerShell knowledge during interviews. Remember to not only memorize the answers but also understand the underlying concepts to confidently navigate through PowerShell-related queries. Best of luck in your PowerShell journey.